“CODI is a public organization
with a goal to build a strong societal base
using the collective power of civil groups and community organizations.”
The Community Organizations Development
Institute (CODI) was established in July 27, 2000 the as a public organization.
This was done by merging the Urban Community Development Office and the
Rural Development Fund together. All property and assets of the two mergers
The equivalent of 3,274.35 million baht was transferred from the Urban
Community Development Office and the Rural Development Fund to create
a new development fund. This fund was managed in the form of Community
Development Fund and the Revolving Fund which provided micro-credit to
the poor. The total amount was estimated - in the year 2000 - at 2,900
million baht in total.
“Every region should be stable, every community
should be strong, and the people should be happy”.
To support and empower urban and rural community organizations through
financial assistance, career development, housing development, and environmental
CODI is a public organization with a goal to build a strong societal base
using the collective power of civil groups and community organizations
To support and coordinate the development of community organizations and
1. To support the role of the community organizations by encouraging self-organization
on local levels.
2. To emphasize the central role of community organizations in social
3. To coordinate the efforts of civil groups and their multilateral partners.
4. To develop the process of learning, body of knowledge, and information
5. To develop financial cooperatives and a community–based economy.
6. To build and develop the micro-credit system as a tool for community
7. To improve the efficiency and transparency of CODI’s management style
to allow other partners to fully participate and engage in its activities.
- CODI Board: This board consists of 4 representatives
from government organizations, 3 representatives from community organizations,
and 3 professionals. The CODI Board has the strongest say on any decision,
policy, and direction of CODI. (The executive director of CODI is regarded
as a representative from the “community organizations” group by default)
- CODI Sub-Committee: This committee consists of 62 representatives
from 26 provincial community groups. The role of this committee is to
provide guidelines, set up development structure at the regional and the
provincial levels, and act as advisory body to the CODI Board.
- The Regional Board: This board consists of representatives
from community organizations, NGOs, professionals and the other partners
in the rural area. The Regional Board plays an important role in setting
up regional development strategies, managing regional development, and
advises CODI Sub-Committee on regional issues.
- Sub-Committee on Development Issues: This committee
is responsible advising on issues-specific problems such as micro-credit,
and village economy etc. Representatives in this sub-committee come from
village groups, NGOs, the government, and experts.
In addition to these 4 working groups, feedback and advises from outside
experts are viewed as an essential element in the working of CODI. Over
the years, CODI has invited various international experts to provide feedback
on many issues. This has been done both formally and informally.
Structure of the Community Development Process (2005-2006)
Mandate and Work Implementation
The First Mandate
- To support the development of community organizations
and their networks.
- To promote financial co-op and public welfare.
- To emphasize the central role of community organizations in social development.
Strategy: Rural Community Renewal
- 6 Development issues
1. Natural Resource Management and Sustainable Agriculture
2. Villagers Welfare
3. Community Life Plan
4. Helping squatter communities secure their land titles through the “Bann
5. Solving the housing problems and the obtaining lands for the poor in
6. Financial organization / solving debt problems
Moving Ahead with the Rural Renewal Strategy
• Why Rural Community?
- Development plans in the past 50 years have indirectly caused the destruction
of natural resources in rural areas; resulting in distrust and alienation
among many community members.
- Development plans in the past usually focused on some
specific issues without addressing the problems holistically.
• What is Rural Renewal?
1. To rework the process of natural resource management so that it is
done by the community.
2. To renew local culture and knowledge.
3. To renew local crafts, guilds, and production.
4. To promote mutual-aid and good relations among the people in the community.
• For Whom?
To change the existing capitalist development structure so that rural
communities could chart their own path of development while retaining
much of their natural resources including human resources.
- By using the settlement/community area as the core.
- By using “Community Life Plan” as the process in planning long term
- By using ‘horizontal’ networking as the way to distill knowledge from
- By starting from one activity, looking at the feedback, then proceed
to other activities (while keeping in mind the new feedback and the totality
of the problem).
The Second Mandate
To build public acceptance and certification of community organizations
- To build public acceptance of a wide array of community organizations
and their networks.
- To build and develop data systems for the current community organizations
so that they could easily connect to one another.
- To support the mechanism of self-organization among locals communities.
- To create the knowledge base on the development of community organizations
through various researches and make public those findings.
Important Work Implementation
In the early days of CODI, we have done some data collection and found
that there were 63,796 community organizations nation-wide. Over the years,
42,199 organizations have cooperated with CODI along with 2,798 networks.
Today we have over 4.6 million participating members.
The Third Mandate
To develop community saving, credit, welfare, and economy.
- To develop the financial co-op as a resource to support and strengthen
communities so that they could rely on themselves in the long run.
- To develop the micro-credit system for the people so that they could
make their own decisions as to what they want developed in their own communities.
- To promote the local economy and production that could be connected
to relevant markets.
The Important Implementation
- CODI has developed the following 5 kinds of community credits. To receive
these credits, community members must organized into groups - such as
owner co-op or financial co-op - and share the payment responsibility
together. This was done so that community group members could help and
support one another.
||Interest Rate ( per year )
|- General Development Credit
|- Housing/Live-Work Credit
3 % to 5%
|- Small Business Credit
|- Revolving Credit
|- Baan Mankong Collective Housing (Started in 2003)
Members of rural community organizations – mostly villagers
– find various ways to use these credits. Some groups used the credit
to buy the cow-feeds; others used it to buy materials for producing organic
fertilizer, for example.
The Community Welfare Sector has also used the credit to implement the
Elderly Welfare program by using the money (80 million baht) to connect
the elders in each province where they formed a networking group. They
also used the revolving fund (1 million baht) to develop the Elderly Welfare
system in which the elders in the communities can look after each other.
The “Villagers Welfare” is another program which has been implemented
by the community. They collected 1 baht per day in setting up the welfare
fund so that each member is covered from cradle to grave.
After the launching of Baan Mankong Collective Housing in 2003, many urban
community groups have also been using this new type of credit to repair
roofs, fixed-up plumbing systems, or even upgrade their entire houses.
In 2008, the Baan Mankong Collective Housing project has been cited by
the UN-Habitat as a successful ‘people’s solution’ to the problems in
urban ‘slums’ communities.
The Fourth Mandate
Social Development and Multilateral Cooperation.
- To encourage public organizations, NGOs, and government agencies in
supporting community organizations.
- To coordinate development work involving multilateral groups. This would
allow CODI to draw more resources and expertise from other agencies.
CODI has been seeking the cooperation among the community organizations,
development partners and policy makers. We have been able to push for
some important national policies such as the Baan Mankong Collective Housing
program and the Community Life Plan program.